The condition known as lactose intolerance affects the body's capacity to digest lactose, a sugar present in milk and other dairy products. It's crucial to get tested if you think you might have lactose intolerance in order to confirm the diagnosis and assess the severity of your disease. The following procedures can be used to test for lactose intolerance:
1. Lactose Tolerance Test: This test involves consuming a liquid that contains lactose, and your blood sugar levels are then monitored at regular intervals to see how effectively your body can digest the lactose.
2. Hydrogen Breath Test: Testing for hydrogen in the breath is consuming a lactose-containing liquid and then having the hydrogen in your breath measured. The bacteria in your gut will break down lactose if you have a lactose intolerance, producing hydrogen that can be detected in your breath.
3. Stool Acidity Test: This test assesses your stools' level of acidity, which may be a sign of lactose intolerance. Lactose can ferment in the colon if it is not well digested, which raises the stool's acidity.
4. Genetic Testing: The LCT gene, which codes for lactase, the enzyme required to break down lactose, is tested for mutations. The most typical cause of lactose intolerance is a lactase deficiency.
It's crucial to understand that even if you have lactose intolerance, you don't necessarily need to cut out all dairy products from your diet. Many people who are lactose intolerant can consume little amounts of the substance without developing any symptoms. The ideal course of action for your particular needs can be determined with the assistance of your healthcare professional.
Overall, speaking with a healthcare professional is the best approach to find out if you have lactose intolerance. They can advise you on the best test for you and walk you through the procedure.